HASTELLOY® alloy B-2 (UNS N10665)


Ni 68, Mo 28, Fe 2, Cr 1, C 0.02 Mn 1.0

 

High Performance Alloys stocks and produces this grade in the following forms: Bar and forgings. Request quote on this grade.

 

Overview

Alloy B-2 is a nickel-molybdenum alloy with significant resistance to reducing environments, such as hydrogen chloride gas and sulfuric, acetic and phosphoric acids. Alloy B-2 provides resistance to pure sulfuric acid and a number of non-oxidizing acids. The alloy should not be used in oxidizing media or where oxidizing contaminants are available in reducing media. Premature failure may occur if B-2 is used where iron or copper is present in a system containing hydrochloric acid.

Industry users like the resistance to a wide range of organic acids and the resistance to chloride-induced stress-corrosion cracking.

HASTELLOY Alloy B-2 resists the formation of grain boundary carbide precipitates in the weld heat-affected zone, making it suitable for most chemical process applications in the as-welded condition. The heat-affected weld zones have reduced precipitation of carbides and other phases to ensure uniform corrosion resistance.
Alloy B-2 also has excellent resistance to pitting and stress corrosion cracking.


Applications

Superior resistance to hydrochloric acid, aluminum chloride catalysts and other strongly reducing chemicals. Excellent high-temperature strength in inert and vacuum atmospheres.

HASTELLOY Alloy B-2 is a nickel-molybdenum alloy particularly suited for equipment handling reducing chemical environments .

Applications in the chemical process industry involving sulfuric, phosphoric, hydrochloric and acetic acid. Temperature uses vary from ambient temperature to 1500°F depending on the environments (please call for technical advice).

 

Chemistry

Chemical Requirements

Ni

Mo

Fe

Cr

C

Si

Mn

Max

Bal.

30.0

2.0

1.0

0.02

0.10

1.0

Min

26.0


Tensile Data

Mechanical Property Requirements

Ultimate Tensile

Yield Strength (0.2% OS)

Elong. %

R/A

HardnessRockwell

 

Min

110 Ksi

51 KSi

40

Max

Min

760 MPa

350 MPa

Max

 

Specifications

UNS N10665

Bar

ASTM B335 ASME SB335

Wire

Sheet

ASTM B333

Plate

ASTM B333 ASME SB333

Fitting

ASTM B366 ASME SB366

Forging

ASTM B564

Weld Wire

A5.14 ERNiMo-7

Weld Electrodes

ASME SFA 5.11(ENiMo-7) AWS A5.11 (ENiMo-7)

 

Seamless Pipe/Tube
ASTM B622 ASME SB622
Welded Pipe
ASTM B619 ASME SB619
Welded Tube
ASTM B626 ASME SB626
Bare Weld Rods
ASME SFA 5.14(ENiMo-7)
Din
2.4617

 

Formability
Hastelloy Alloy B-2 does work harden, but can be formed when the proper precautions are taken. Sheet (0.063" thick) in the heat treated condition at 1950°F and rapid quenched has an average olsen cup depth of 0.57" or 14.5mm.

Welding
Hastelloy Alloy B-2 resists the formation of grain boundary carbide precipitates in the weld heat-affected zone, making it suitable for most chemical process applications in the as-welded condition. The heat-affected weld zones have reduced precipitation of carbides and other phases to ensure uniform corrosion resistance.


Machining

 

Machinability Ratings

 

Nickel & cobalt base corrosion, temperature and wear-resistant alloys are classified as moderate to difficult when machining, however, it should be emphasized that these alloys can be machined using conventional production methods at satisfactory rates. During machining these alloys work harden rapidly, generate high heat during cutting, weld to the cutting tool surface and offer high resistance to metal removal because of their high shear strengths. The following are key points which should be considered during machining operations:

CAPACITY - Machine should be rigid and overpowered as much as possible.
RIGIDITY - Work piece and tool should be held rigid. Minimize tool overhang.
TOOL SHARPNESS - Make sure tools are sharp at all times. Change to sharpened tools at regular intervals rather than out of necessity. A 0.015 inch wear land is considered a dull tool.
TOOLS - Use positive rake angle tools for most machining operations. Negative rake angle tools can be considered for intermittent cuts and heavy stock removal. Carbide-tipped tools are suggested for most applications. High speed tools can be used, with lower production rates, and are often recommended for intermittent cuts.
POSITIVE CUTS - Use heavy, constant, feeds to maintain positive cutting action. If feed slows and the tool dwells in the cut, work hardening occurs, tool life deteriorates and close tolerances are impossible.
LUBRICATION - lubricants are desirable, soluble oils are recommended especially when using carbide tooling. Detailed machining parameters are presented Tables 16 and17. General plasma cutting recommendations are presented in Table 18.

 

Table 16
RECOMMENDED TOOL TYPES AND MACHINING CONDITIONS
Operations Carbide Tools
Roughing, with severe interruption Turning or Facing C-2 and C-3 grade: Negative rake square insert, 45 degree SCEA1, 1/32 in. nose radius. Tool holder: 5 degree neg. back rake, 5 degree neg. side rake. Speed: 30-50 sfm, 0.004-0.008 in. feed, 0.150 in depth of cut. Dry2, oil3, or water-base coolant4.
Normal roughing Turning or Facing C-2 or C-3 grade: Negative rate square insert, 45 degree SCEA, 1/32 in nose radius. Tool holder: 5 degree neg. back rake, 5 degree neg. side rake. Speed: 90 sfm depending on rigidity of set up, 0.010 in. feed, 0.150 in. depth of cut. Dry, oil, or water-base coolant.
Finishing Turning or Facing C-2 or C-3 grade: Positive rake square insert, if possible, 45 degree SCEA, 1/32 in. nose radius. Tool holder: 5 degree pos. back rake, 5 degree pos. side rake. Speed: 95-110 sfm, 0.005-0.007 in. feed, 0.040 in. depth of cut. Dry or water-base coolant.
Rough Boring C-2 or C-3 grade: If insert type boring bar, use standard positive rake tools with largest possible SCEA and 1/16 in. nose radius. If brazed tool bar, grind 0 degree back rake, 10 degree pos. side rake, 1/32 in. nose radius and largest possible SCEA. Speed: 70 sfm depending on the rigidity of setup, 0.005-0.008 in. feed, 1/8 in. depth of cut. Dry, oil or water-base coolant.
Finish Boring C-2 or C-3 grade: Use standard positive rake tools on insert type bars. Grind brazed tools as for finish turning and facing except back rake may be best at 0 degrees. Speed: 95-110 sfm, 0.002-0.004 in feed. Water-base coolant.
Notes:
1 SCEA - Side cutting edge angle or lead angle of the tool.

2 At any point where dry cutting is recommended, an air jet directed on the tool may provide substantial tool life increases. A water-base coolant mist may also be effective.

3 Oil coolant should be premium quality, sulfochlorinated oil with extreme pressure additives. A viscosity at 100 degrees F from 50 to 125 SSU.

4 Water-base coolant should be premium quality, sulfochlorinated water soluble oil or chemical emulsion with extreme pressure additives. Dilute with water to make 15:1 mix. Water-base coolant may cause chipping and rapid failure of carbide tools in interrupted cuts.

 

Table 17
RECOMMENDED TOOL TYPES AND MACHINING CONDITIONS
Operations Carbide Tools
Facing Milling Carbide not generally successful, C- grade may work. Use positive axial and radial rake, 45 degree corner angle, 10 degree relief angle. Speed: 50-60 sfm. Feed: 0.005-0.008 in. Oil or waterbase coolants will reduce thermal shock damage of carbide cutter teeth.
End Milling Not recommended , but C-2 grades may be successful on good setups. Use positive rake. Speed: 50-60 sfm. Feed: Same as high speed steel. Oil or water-base coolants will reduce thermal shock damage.
Drilling C-2 grade not recommended, but tipped drills may be successful on rigid setup if no great depth. The web must thinned to reduce thrust. Use 135 degree included angle on point. Gun drill can be used. Speed: 50 sfm. Oil or water-base coolant. Coolant-feed carbide tipped drills may be economical in some setups.
Reaming C-2 or C-3 grade: Tipped reamers recommended, solid carbide reamers require vary good setup. Tool geometry same as high speed steel. Speed: 50 sfm. Feed: Same as high speed steel.
Tapping Not recommended, machine threads, or roll-form them.
Electrical Discharge Machining The alloys can be easily cut using any conventional electrical discharge machining system (EDM) or wire (EDM).
Notes:
5 M-40 series High Speed Steels include M-41 , M-42, M-43, M-44, M-45 and M-46 at the time of writing. Others may be added and should be equally suitable.

6 Oil coolant should be a premium quality, sulfochlorinated oil with extreme pressure additives. A viscosity at 100 degree F from 50 to 125 SSU.

7 Water-base coolant should be premium quality, sulfochlorinated water soluble oil or chemical emulsion with extreme pressure additives. Dilute with water to make 15:1 mix.

 

Table 18
Plasma Arc Cutting
Our alloys can be cut using any conventional plasma arc cutting system. The best arc quality is achieved using a mixture of argon and hydrogen gases. Nitrogen gas can be substituted for hydrogen gases, but the cut quality will deteriorate slightly. Shop air or any oxygen bearing gases should be avoided when plasma cutting these alloys.

 

HASTELLOY® is a registered trademark of Haynes International, Inc.