INCONEL® alloy 625 (UNS N06625)


Ni 58.0, Cr 21.5 Mo 9.0,Mn 0.50 C0.10 Si 0.50 Fe 5.0

High Performance Alloys stocks and produces this grade in the following forms: Bar, wire, sheet, plate, coil, fasteners and forgings. Request quote on this grade. See our on-line catalog for sizes stocked

 

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Overview

A material with excellent resistance to pitting, crevice and corrosion cracking. Highly resistant in a wide range of organic and mineral acids. Good high temperature strength.

 

Characteristics

  • Excellent mechanical properties at both extremely low and extremely high temperatures.
  • Outstanding resistance to pitting, crevice corrosion and intercrystalline corrosion.
  • Almost complete freedom from chloride induced stress corrosion cracking.
  • High resistance to oxidation at elevated temperatures up to 1050C.
  • Good resistance to acids, such as nitric, phosphoric, sulfuric and hydrochloric, as well as to alkalis makes possible the construction of thin structural parts of high heat transfer.

Applications

  • Components where exposure to sea water and high mechanical stresses are required.
  • Oil and gas production where hydrogen sulfide and elementary sulfur exist at temperature in excess of 150C.
  • Components exposed to flue gas or in flue gas desulfurization plants.
  • Flare stacks on offshore oil platforms.
  • Hydrocarbon processing from tar-sand and oil-shale recovery projects.

    Specifications

    Form

    Standard

    Metal Type

    UNS N06625

    Bar

    ASTM B446 AMS 5666 BS3076

    Wire

    AMS 5837

    Sheet

    ASTM B443 AMS 5599 BS3072

    Plate

    ASTM B443 AMS 5599 BS3072

    Pipe

    ASTMB444 ASTM B704 AMS 5581 BS3074 GEB50TF133

    Tube
    ASTM B444 ASTM B704 AMS 5581 BS3074 GEB50TF133

    Fitting

    ASTM B366 Din 17754

    Forging

     

    Weld Wire
     
    Weld Electrode
     

    NA 21

    All forms

    Din

    2.4856


Chemistry

Chemical Requirements

Ni

Fe

Cr

Si

Mo

Mn

C

Max

5.0

23.0

0.50

10.0

0.50

0.10

Min

58.0

20.0

8.0


Tensile Data

Mechanical Property Requirements

Ultimate Tensile

Yield Strength (0.2% OS)

Elong. in 2 in. or 50mm or 4D, min., %

R/A

Hardness

Cold Worked/Annealed

Min

120 KSI

60 KSi

30

Max

Min

Max

Hot Worked/Annealed

Min

120 KSi

60 KSi

30

Max

Min

Max


 

Machining

Machinability Ratings

Nickel & cobalt base corrosion, temperature and wear-resistant alloys are classified as moderate to difficult when machining, however, it should be emphasized that these alloys can be machined using conventional production methods at satisfactory rates. During machining these alloys work harden rapidly, generate high heat during cutting, weld to the cutting tool surface and offer high resistance to metal removal because of their high shear strengths. The following are key points which should be considered during machining operations:

CAPACITY - Machine should be rigid and overpowered as much as possible.
RIGIDITY - Work piece and tool should be held rigid. Minimize tool overhang.
TOOL SHARPNESS - Make sure tools are sharp at all times. Change to sharpened tools at regular intervals rather than out of necessity. A 0.015 inch wear land is considered a dull tool.
TOOLS - Use positive rake angle tools for most machining operations. Negative rake angle tools can be considered for intermittent cuts and heavy stock removal. Carbide-tipped tools are suggested for most applications. High speed tools can be used, with lower production rates, and are often recommended for intermittent cuts.
POSITIVE CUTS - Use heavy, constant, feeds to maintain positive cutting action. If feed slows and the tool dwells in the cut, work hardening occurs, tool life deteriorates and close tolerances are impossible.
LUBRICATION - lubricants are desirable, soluble oils are recommended especially when using carbide tooling. Detailed machining parameters are presented Tables 16 and17. General plasma cutting recommendations are presented in Table 18.

 

Table 16
RECOMMENDED TOOL TYPES AND MACHINING CONDITIONS
Operations Carbide Tools
Roughing, with severe interruption Turning or Facing C-2 and C-3 grade: Negative rake square insert, 45 degree SCEA1, 1/32 in. nose radius. Tool holder: 5 degree neg. back rake, 5 degree neg. side rake. Speed: 30-50 sfm, 0.004-0.008 in. feed, 0.150 in depth of cut. Dry2, oil3, or water-base coolant4.
Normal roughing Turning or Facing C-2 or C-3 grade: Negative rate square insert, 45 degree SCEA, 1/32 in nose radius. Tool holder: 5 degree neg. back rake, 5 degree neg. side rake. Speed: 90 sfm depending on rigidity of set up, 0.010 in. feed, 0.150 in. depth of cut. Dry, oil, or water-base coolant.
Finishing Turning or Facing C-2 or C-3 grade: Positive rake square insert, if possible, 45 degree SCEA, 1/32 in. nose radius. Tool holder: 5 degree pos. back rake, 5 degree pos. side rake. Speed: 95-110 sfm, 0.005-0.007 in. feed, 0.040 in. depth of cut. Dry or water-base coolant.
Rough Boring C-2 or C-3 grade: If insert type boring bar, use standard positive rake tools with largest possible SCEA and 1/16 in. nose radius. If brazed tool bar, grind 0 degree back rake, 10 degree pos. side rake, 1/32 in. nose radius and largest possible SCEA. Speed: 70 sfm depending on the rigidity of setup, 0.005-0.008 in. feed, 1/8 in. depth of cut. Dry, oil or water-base coolant.
Finish Boring C-2 or C-3 grade: Use standard positive rake tools on insert type bars. Grind brazed tools as for finish turning and facing except back rake may be best at 0 degrees. Speed: 95-110 sfm, 0.002-0.004 in feed. Water-base coolant.
Notes:
1 SCEA - Side cutting edge angle or lead angle of the tool.

2 At any point where dry cutting is recommended, an air jet directed on the tool may provide substantial tool life increases. A water-base coolant mist may also be effective.

3 Oil coolant should be premium quality, sulfochlorinated oil with extreme pressure additives. A viscosity at 100 degrees F from 50 to 125 SSU.

4 Water-base coolant should be premium quality, sulfochlorinated water soluble oil or chemical emulsion with extreme pressure additives. Dilute with water to make 15:1 mix. Water-base coolant may cause chipping and rapid failure of carbide tools in interrupted cuts.

 

Table 17
RECOMMENDED TOOL TYPES AND MACHINING CONDITIONS
Operations Carbide Tools
Facing Milling Carbide not generally successful, C- grade may work. Use positive axial and radial rake, 45 degree corner angle, 10 degree relief angle. Speed: 50-60 sfm. Feed: 0.005-0.008 in. Oil or waterbase coolants will reduce thermal shock damage of carbide cutter teeth.
End Milling Not recommended , but C-2 grades may be successful on good setups. Use positive rake. Speed: 50-60 sfm. Feed: Same as high speed steel. Oil or water-base coolants will reduce thermal shock damage.
Drilling C-2 grade not recommended, but tipped drills may be successful on rigid setup if no great depth. The web must thinned to reduce thrust. Use 135 degree included angle on point. Gun drill can be used. Speed: 50 sfm. Oil or water-base coolant. Coolant-feed carbide tipped drills may be economical in some setups.
Reaming C-2 or C-3 grade: Tipped reamers recommended, solid carbide reamers require vary good setup. Tool geometry same as high speed steel. Speed: 50 sfm. Feed: Same as high speed steel.
Tapping Not recommended, machine threads, or roll-form them.
Electrical Discharge Machining The alloys can be easily cut using any conventional electrical discharge machining system (EDM) or wire (EDM).
Notes:
5 M-40 series High Speed Steels include M-41 , M-42, M-43, M-44, M-45 and M-46 at the time of writing. Others may be added and should be equally suitable.

6 Oil coolant should be a premium quality, sulfochlorinated oil with extreme pressure additives. A viscosity at 100 degree F from 50 to 125 SSU.

7 Water-base coolant should be premium quality, sulfochlorinated water soluble oil or chemical emulsion with extreme pressure additives. Dilute with water to make 15:1 mix.

 

Table 18
Plasma Arc Cutting
Our alloys can be cut using any conventional plasma arc cutting system. The best arc quality is achieved using a mixture of argon and hydrogen gases. Nitrogen gas can be substituted for hydrogen gases, but the cut quality will deteriorate slightly. Shop air or any oxygen bearing gases should be avoided when plasma cutting these alloys.

 

INCONEL® is a registered trademark of the INCO family of companies.