NITRONIC® 50 (XM-19) (UNS S20910)


Cr 22, Ni 12.5, Mn 5, Mo 2.25, Si 1 C 0.06 Fe bal.

High Performance Alloys stocks and produces this grade in the following forms: Bar, wire, sheet, plate, coil, fasteners and forgings. Request quote on this grade. See our on-line catalog for sizes stocked

 

Overview

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  • Download Bulletin 3 pgs
  •  

    Austenitic Stainless

    NITRONIC 50 Stainless Steel provides a combination of corrosion resistance and strength not found in any other commercial material available in its price range. This austenitic stainless has corrosion resistance greater than that provided by Types 316 and 316L, plus approximately twice the yield strength at room temperature. In addition, Armco NITRONIC 50 Stainless has very good mechanical properties at both elevated and sub-zero temperatures. And, unlike many austenitic stainless steels, NITRONIC 50 does not become magnetic when cold worked.

    High Performance Alloys can make hot rolled, cold worked, & strain hardened High Performance Stainless Steel (HPSS) bars in house. Ask for our GFM Bulletin for more information about our bar processing capabilities. We have expanded to enhance product availability. See more information on NITRONIC 50 HS (High Strength) properties on the NITRONIC 50HS page.

     

    Applications

    • Superior corrosion resistance
    • Almost double the yield strength
    • Exceptionally low magnetic permeability
    • Outstanding cryogenic properties
    • Outstanding corrosion resistance gives Armco's NITRONIC 50 Stainless Steel the leading edge for applications where Types 316. 316L, 317 and 317L are only marginal. It's an effective alloy for the petroleum, petrochemical, chemical, fertilizer, nuclear fuel recycling, pulp and paper, textile, food processing and marine industries.
    • Components using the combination of excellent corrosion resistance and high strength currently include pumps, valves and fittings, fasteners, cables, chains, screens and wire cloth, marine hardware, boat and pump shafting, heat exchanger parts, springs and photographic equipment.
    • Fastener - High strength, and higher strength fasteners can improve the durability of you equipment
    • Marine hardware - Mastings, tie downs
    • Marine and Pump shafts - better corrosion than types 304 and 316, with double the yield strength.
    • Valves and fittings - better corrosion than types 304 and 316, with double the yield strength.
    • Downhole rigging - better corrosion than types 304, 316 and 17-4, with double the yield strength in annealed condition.
    • Reduced cross sections - better corrosion than types 304, 316 and 17-4

     

    Chemistry

    • Chemical Requirements

      Ni

      Cr

      Mo

      Mn

      C

      Si

      Fe

      Max

      13.5

      23.5

      3.00

      6.0

      0.06

      1.00

      Bal

      Min

      11.5

      20.5

      1.50

      4.0

     

    Tensile Data

    • Mechanical Property Requirements

      Ultimate Tensile

      Yield Strength (0.2% OS)

      Elong.

      R/A

      Hardness

      Min

      100 KSi

      55 KSi

      35%

      55%

      Max

      293

      Min

      690 MPa

      380 MPa

      Max

    There are other high strength properties available for sizes of bar, wire, sheet and plate. Inquire with a sales associate at High Performance Alloys for more information. See bulletin, or brochure on the material (above) for a quick overview.

     

    Specifications

    • Form

      Standard

      Metal Type

      UNSS20910

      Bar

      ASTM A193 ASTM A194 ASTM A276 ASTM A479 AMS 5764

      Wire

      Sheet

      ASTM A240 AMS 5861

      Plate

      ASTM A240 AMS 5861

      Fitting

       

      Forging

      ASTM A182
      ASTM A193 ASTM A 194 ASTM A276 ASTM A479 AMS 5764

      Weld Wire

      A5.9 ER209

      Din

      1.4565


    Annealing Temperature
    NITRONIC 50 Stainless Steel can be supplied annealed at 1950 F to 2050 F (1066 C to 1121 C). For most applications, the 1950 F (1066 C) condition should be selected, as it provides a higher level of mechanical properties along with excellent corrosion resistance. When as-welded material is to be used in strongly corrosive media, the 2050 F (1121 C) condition should be specified in order to minimize the possibility of intergranular attack.

     

    Corrosion Properties
    Armco NITRONIC 50 Stainless Steel provides outstanding corrosion resistance - superior to Types 316, 316L, 317 and 317L in many media. For many applications the 1950 F (1066 C) annealed condition provides adequate corrosion resistance and a higher strength level. In very corrosive media or where material is to be used in the as-welded condition, the 2050 F (1121 C) annealed condition should be specified. High-Strength (HS) NITRONIC 50 bars are useful for applications such as shafting and bolting, but do not quite exhibit the corrosion resistance of the annealed conditions in all environments.

    Intergranular Attack
    The resistance to intergranular attack is excellent even when sensitized at 1250 F (675 C) for one hour to simulate the heat-affected zone of heavy weldments. Material annealed at 1950 F (1066 C) has very good resistance to intergranular attack for most applications. However, when thick sections are used in the as-welded condition in certain strongly corrosive media, the 2050 F (1121 C) condition gives optimum corrosion resistance.

    Stress-Corrosion Cracking Resistance
    In common with most stainless steels, under certain conditions, Armco NITRONIC 50 Stainless Steel may stress-corrosion crack in hot chloride environments. When tested in boiling 420/0 MgCI2 solution, a very accelerated test, NITRONIC 50 Stainless Steel is between types 304 and 316 stainless steels in resistance to cracking. There is little difference in susceptibility to cracking whether in the annealed, high-strength (HS), or cold-drawn conditions.

    Sulfide Stress Cracking
    Both laboratory tests and field service experience have shown that Armco NITRONIC 50 stainless has excellent resistance to sulfide stress cracking in air conditions. NITRONIC 50 in both the annealed and high-strength (hot rolled) conditions has been included in the 1996 revision of NACE Standard MR-01 -75' "Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Material for Oil Field Equipment," at hardness levels up to RC 35 maximum. The resistance to cracking in laboratory tests in synthetic sour-well solution(5% NaCI + ½% acetic acid. saturated with H2S)

     

    Machining

    MACHINING DATA
    Carbide tools are suggested
    for rates better than 50% of Type 304.
    Machining Type Suggested starting rates are:
    Single Point turning : Roughing - 0.15" depth, 0.015"/rev feed -175 SFM
    Finishing - 0.025" depth, 0.007"/rev feed - 200 SFM
    Drilling : 1/4" Dia hole - 0.004"/rev feed - 60 SFM
    1/2" Dia hole - 0.007"/rev feed - 60 SFM
    3/4" Dia hole - 0.010"/rev feed - 60 SFM
    Reaming : Feed - same as drilling - 100 SFM
    Side and Slot Milling : Roughing - 0.25" depth - 0.007"/tooth feed - 125SFM
    Finishing - 0.050" depth - 0.009"/tooth feed - 140SFM
    These rates are for carbide tools,
    Type C-2 for roughing, drilling and reaming.
    Type C-3 for finishing.

     

    NITRONIC is a registered tradename of AK Steel

    Material in this bulletin has been reprinted from Armco Bulletin No S-45, other Armco sources, and HPA data.