NITRONIC 60 HS (UNS S21800) Wear and Galling Resistant stainless steel

 

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NITRONIC 60 High Strength (UNS S21800)

Cr 17, Mn 8, Ni 8.5, Si 4, N 0.13, Mo 0.75, C 0.10, Fe Bal., Cu 0.75, S 0.030, P 0.040

High Performance Alloys stocks and produces this grade in the following forms: Bar, flat bar, square bar, wire spool. wire cuts, loose coil, sheet, plate, strip, coil, tube, pipe, fastener, disk, machined, billet, ingot. Request quote on this grade. Availability depends on size and strength needed. Please contact our sales department for availability and pricing.

 

  1. Download Brochure 4 MB PDF
  2. Download Bulletin 57 KB PDF
  3. View Nitronic Machining Brochure
  4. Download FDA statement concerning the use of stainless steels as food contact surfaces of equipment. 154 KB PDF

 

Overview

Austenitic Stainless

Nitronic 60 is truly an all purpose metal. This fully austenitic alloy was originally designed as a wear alloy, and subsequently has good high temperature properties for temperatures around 1800ºF.

The additions of Silicon and Manganese have given this alloy a matrix to inhibit wear, galling, and fretting even in the annealed condition. Higher strengths are attainable through cold working the material and is still fully austenitic after severe cold-working. This working does not enhance the anti-galling properties as is normal for carbon steels and some stainless steels. The benefit to the cold or hot work put into the material is added strength and hardness, and the wear resistance does not decrease noticeably. Chromium and Nickel additions give it comparable corrosion to 304 and 316 stainless steels. The high mechanical strength in permits use of reduced cross sections for weight, and cost reductions through the use of thinner stock.

Several data sheets are available on the wear compatibility of this alloy with dissimilar couples, as well as self-mated coupled results. Call or email for your own booklet!

If your galling problem occurs at less than 400ºF, then you should think about switching to this alloy . Nitronic 60 has a better cost advantage than any other alloy available. Other materials require an additional amount of heat treating to raise their hardness.

 

Characteristics

Corrosion Properties
The corrosion resistance of Armco NITRONIC 60 Stainless Steel falls between that of types 304 and 316. However, experience shows that in a wear system, a galling or siezure failure occurs first, followed by dimensional loss due to wear, and finally corrosion. Galling and wear must be the first concerns of the design engineer. Although the general corrosion resistance of NITRONIC 60 is not quite as good as Type 316, it does offer better chloride pitting resistance, stress corrosion cracking resistance and crevice corrosion resistance than Type 316 in laboratory conditions. Corrosion tests are not normally performed with NITRONIC 60 High Strength.

Corrosion Resistance
Nitronic 60’s uniform corrosion resistance is better than 304 stainless in most environments. The yield strength of Nitronic 60 is nearly twice that of 304 and 316 stainless steels. Chloride pitting resistance is superior to that of type 316 stainless; Nitronic 60 provides excellent high temperature oxidation resistance and low temperature impact.
Applications using Nitronic 60 are valve stems, seats, and trim, fastening systems, screening, pins, bushings and roller bearings, pump shafts and rings. Other uses include wear plates, rails guides, and bridge pins.

 

Wear Resistance
This alloy provides a significant lower cost way to fight wear and galling compared to Nickel or Cobalt based alloys.

 

Chemistry

Chemical Requirements

Ni

Cr

Mn

Si

N

Mo

C

Max

9.00

18.00

9.00

4.5

0.018

0.75

0.10

Min

8.00

16.00

7.00

3.5

0.08

 

 

Tensile Data

See bulletin or booklet for information on strength levels. There are several high strength properties available for sizes of bar, wire, sheet and plate. Inquire with a sales associate at High Performance Alloys for more information.

 

Click Specification for more details.

NITRONIC 60 Strain Hardened Bar - Minimum Property Levels
StrengthSpecificationUltimate
Tensile
(MIN KPSI)
0.2% OS
Yield
(MIN KPSI)
Elongation
4xD
(MIN %)
Reduction
in Area
(MIN %)
Maximum
Size
Level 1HPA-MS-1011109035554" Dia
Level 2HPA-MS-10213510520504" Dia
Level 3HPA-MS-10316013015452.375" Dia
Level 4HPA-MS-10418014512452" Dia
Level 5HPA-MS-10520018010451.5" Dia

 

Applications

  • Nuclear wear rails - used as a precaution to prevent galling and seizing while transporting nuclear casks.
  • Fastener galling - capable of frequent assembly and disassembly, allowing more use of the fastener before the threads are torn up, also helps to eliminate corroded or frozen fasteners.
  • Pins - Used in roller prosthetics & chains to ensure a better fit of parts (closer tolerance, non-lubricated) and longer lasting.
  • Marine shafts - better corrosion than types 304 and 316, with much higher yield and tensile strength.

 

Machining

MACHINING DATA
Carbide tools are suggested
for rates better than 50% of Type 304.
Machining Type Suggested starting rates are:
Single Point turning : Roughing - 0.15" depth, 0.015"/rev feed -175 SFM
Finishing - 0.025" depth, 0.007"/rev feed - 200 SFM
Drilling : 1/4" Dia hole - 0.004"/rev feed - 60 SFM
1/2" Dia hole - 0.007"/rev feed - 60 SFM
3/4" Dia hole - 0.010"/rev feed - 60 SFM
Reaming : Feed - same as drilling - 100 SFM
Side and Slot Milling : Roughing - 0.25" depth - 0.007"/tooth feed - 125SFM
Finishing - 0.050" depth - 0.009"/tooth feed - 140SFM
These rates are for carbide tools,
Type C-2 for roughing, drilling and reaming.
Type C-3 for finishing.

 

Material in this bulletin has been reprinted from Armco Bulletin No S-45, other Armco sources, and HPAlloys data.

NITRONIC ® is a registered trademark of AK Steel

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